Nickel Magazine

Nickel Magazine March 13 EN

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RISING PHOTO: CRAIG WHITE, URBANTORONTO.CA NICKEL, VOL. 28, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 The Magazine Devoted to Nickel and its Applications Nickel Magazine is published by the Nickel Institute Dr. Kevin Bradley, President Stephanie Dunn, Editor sdunn@nickelinstitute.org Constructive Communications, Design The Nickel Institute can be contacted at: Eighth Floor Avenue des Arts 13-14 Brussels 1210, Belgium Tel. 32 2 290 3200 brussels@nickelinstitute.org Material has been prepared for the general information of the reader and should not be used or relied upon for specific applications without first securing competent advice. While the material is believed to be technically correct, Nickel Institute, its members, staff and consultants do not represent or warrant its suitability for any general or specific use and assume no liability or responsibility of any kind in connection with the information herein. ISSN 0829-8351 Printed on recycled paper in Canada. Cover: Photo Composition: Constructive Communications iStock Photo: © Uyen Le Roof Image: Millennium Tiles TABLE OF CONTENTS In Focus Editorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature Stories Electroplating parks in China . . . . . . . 4, 5 Coatings on automobiles . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 9 In Use Singapore's Chinese swimming club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7 Rising by Zhang Huan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Compressor wheels and electroless nickel coatings . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Hard disk drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Spark plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Nickel Enabling Innovation Sabre engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Curiosity on Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13 UNS details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Web links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 nickel, vol. 28, no. 1, march 2013 SMALL AND VITAL Often it's the small things, or the hidden things, that nickel in its various forms and utilizing its various properties allows us to do, and do reliably, consistently, efficiently and safely. Examples can be found on or under the skin of a motor vehicle. There you will find literally hundreds of small uses of nickel that ensure reliable ignition (see the article on spark plugs on page 16); more complete combustion and reduced emissions (see the article on compressor wheels on page 15); and highly reflective surfaces, aesthetic detailing, and more environmental-friendly outcome at the end of the life of the automobile because of the replacement of cadmium with nickel on fasteners (see pages 8 and 9 for the many places where small amounts of nickel are making big differences). Many of these items involve placing a layer of one material (or multiple layers of multiple materials, depending on the desired properties of the end product) on another and nickel has exceptional properties that allow this multi-layer technology. Plating, or surface technology, has had to overcome environmental and safety challenges. The last two decades have seen enormous changes in how the industry operates, and, as you will read on pages 4 and 5, extraordinary efforts are being made in China. While industrial efficiencies can be expected to increase at the plating parks, so too will the environmental benefits to the air and water and thus to the quality of life for workers and their families. In this issue we continue to commemorate stainless steel's century of service with an article about some of the first commercial uses in Europe. And on pages 6 and 7, you will see a very modern usage – an electrochemically coloured stainless steel roof atop a swimming complex in Singapore. The aesthetic theme continues on page 10 where we highlight artist – and poet – Zhang Huan's extraordinary new sculpture "Rising", already a landmark of downtown Toronto. There is more in this issue for you to explore just as the roving space lab Curiosity is exploring the surface of Mars (see pages 12 and 13). In future issues we will explore these and other developments still further, always with our eye on the small things, the hidden things, the vital things made possible by nickel. Stephanie Dunn Editor, Nickel Magazine NICKEL IN FOCUS 3

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